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How to become a Urologist
A urologist is a physician who specializes in treating people who have problems with their urinary tract and/or reproduction organs. Urologists may also study clinical issues regarding internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, etc. Urology is a surgical subspecialty.
To become a urologist you must have a medical degree and complete a residency program accredited by ACGME. They usually have at least one of the following degrees: MD, MBBS, MBChB, or DO. The residency program has to be at least 5 years long: a year in general study; 3 years in clinical urology; either 6 months in general surgery, urology, or a clinical discipline relevant to urology; and a year of training as a senior/chief resident. The final year of residency is usually spent training as a senior/chief resident under supervision.
There is an application process and examination procedures to overcome before receiving a certification. To receive certification, surgeons must apply for it through the American Board of Urology (ABU). After the application is approved they must pass an examination, which is divided into two parts. The first part is a Qualification Examination and the second part is a Certifying Examination.
Physicians licensed in one state usually can get a license to practice in another without further examination, although some states limit reciprocity. Foreign medical student graduates may qualify for licensing after passing an examination and completing a U.S. residency.
What does a Urologist do?
Urologists are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders. Urological disorders could include problems with either the urinary tract or reproduction organs. Urologists may perform both surgical and non-surgical procedures.
Some choose to be general urologists but many choose informal specialization such as neurourology, pediatric urology, or urologic oncology. Neurourologists are concerned with nervous system control of the genitourinary system, and conditions that cause abnormal urination, such as overactive bladder. Pediatric urologists are concerned with urologic disorders in children, such as hypospadias. Urologic oncologists are concerned with malignant genitourinary diseases such as prostate cancer. These informal specializations are just examples of the many subfields of urology that a surgeon could choose to become. The American Urological Association has identified eight subspecialty areas: pediatric urology, urologic oncology, renal transportation, male infertility, urinary tract stones, female urology, neurourology, and erectile dysfunction.
A urologist's schedule tends to be a bit more flexible than other surgical specialties, because the surgeries are generally scheduled in advance, and not likely to be an emergency surgery. The majority of urologists practice in an office setting.
What skills or qualities do I need to become a Urologist?
In general urologists, like oth...