EMT Jobs Carbondale IL
Round Lake, IL
Engineering, Healthcare, Executive
Orland Park, IL
Emergency Medical Technician / Paramedic
How to become an Emergency Medical Technician or Paramedic
There are various "levels" of EMT - First Responder, Basic, Intermediate and Paramedic. Thus, not all EMTs are paramedics. Building on a high school diploma, EMTs must go through a formal training program offered at colleges, universities and specialized schools. Certification of the various levels is handled either by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) and/or the State in which an EMT is practicing.
The first level, First Responder, must complete a U. S. Department of Transportation approved program and passed an exam - and the training must have occurred within the 2 years prior to certification.
EMT-Basic involves training in basic emergency medical care, such as respiratory or cardiac emergencies, trauma, and basic medical assessment. The programs combine in-class coursework with hands-on training with actual time in emergency rooms or ambulances. The types of treatment taught in for EMT-Basic courses have to do with stopping blood loss, addressing fractures, dealing with airway obstruction, addressing cardiac arrest, childbirth (emergency), stabilizing patients bodies (stretchers, splints, blackboards), and administering oxygen. At the end of the program, there is a an exam that has both written and practical portions.
EMT-Intermediate certification and training vary state by state. This level of EMT has to have passed all the requirements to become an EMT-Basic and is usually characterized by having a certain number of practical training or even on-the-job experience. There are two levels of EMT-Intermediate, as defined by the NREMT: EMT-Intermediate/85 and EMT-Intermediate/99. The latter builds on the former. These certifications involve advanced training in additional equipment (e.g. airway devices), some basic pharmacological training, and intravenous treatments.
EMT-Paramedic programs last from 1 to 2 years and are most commonly offered at community colleges or technical schools. Paramedic students often obtain an associates degree. The paramedic programs focus on topics beyond basic emergency medical care, including anatomy, physiology, and some medical treatments also employed in emergency rooms at hospitals.
Licensure and certification for all levels of EMT are obtained through passing exams and are maintained by continuing education.
What does an EMT do?
EMTs are often among the first emergency responders to a scene and sometimes work with fire fighters and police workers. Their primary role is to determine their patient's condition, taking into account both the current circumstances and any of the patient's pre-existing conditions. They then determine the best course of action and treatment for the patent, whether it be to administer emergency medical care, stabilize the patient for transport to a hospital or other facility or to determine, in the end, the patient needs no medical assistance. As EMTs a...